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Author Markland, S.M.; Bais, H.; Kniel, K.E. doi  openurl
  Title Human Norovirus and Its Surrogates Induce Plant Immune Response in Arabidopsis thaliana and Lactuca sativa Type Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Foodborne pathogens and disease Abbreviated Journal Foodborne Pathog Dis  
  Volume 14 Issue 8 Pages 432-439  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Address 1 Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware , Newark, Delaware  
  Keywords Arabidopsis/*immunology/virology; Cyclopentanes/metabolism; Foodborne Diseases/*virology; Genetic Markers/genetics; Humans; Lettuce/*immunology; Norovirus/genetics/*immunology; Oxylipins/metabolism; Plant Growth Regulators/metabolism; *Plant Immunity; Plant Leaves/immunology/virology; Salicylic Acid/metabolism; *norovirus; *produce; *stress response  
  Abstract Human norovirus is the leading cause of foodborne illness worldwide with the majority of outbreaks linked to fresh produce and leafy greens. It is essential that we thoroughly understand the type of relationship and interactions that take place between plants and human norovirus to better utilize control strategies to reduce transmission of norovirus in the field onto plants harvested for human consumption. In this study the expression of gene markers for the salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) plant defense pathways was measured and compared in romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0 plants that were inoculated with Murine Norovirus-1, Tulane Virus, human norovirus GII.4, or Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (control). Genes involving both the SA and JA pathways were expressed in both romaine lettuce and A. thaliana for all three viruses, as well as controls. Studies, including gene expression of SA- and JA-deficient A. thaliana mutant lines, suggest that the JA pathway is more likely involved in the plant immune response to human norovirus. This research provides the first pieces of information regarding how foodborne viruses interact with plants in the preharvest environment.  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1535-3141 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28504573 Approved no  
  Call Number NCSU @ edshirle @ Serial 3599  
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