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Author La Bella, G.; Martella, V.; Basanisi, M.G.; Nobili, G.; Terio, V.; La Salandra, G. doi  openurl
  Title (up) Food-Borne Viruses in Shellfish: Investigation on Norovirus and HAV Presence in Apulia (SE Italy) Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Food and environmental virology Abbreviated Journal Food Environ Virol  
  Volume 9 Issue 2 Pages 179-186  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Address Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Puglia e della Basilicata, Foggia, Italy.  
  Keywords Animals; Bivalvia/virology; Food Contamination/*analysis; Foodborne Diseases/*virology; Genotype; Hepatitis A virus/classification/genetics/*isolation & purification; Humans; Italy; Norovirus/classification/genetics/*isolation & purification; Phylogeny; Shellfish/*virology; *Genotyping; *Hepatitis A; *Norovirus; *Real-time PCR; *Shellfish  
  Abstract Shellfish are an important vehicle for transmission of food-borne pathogens including norovirus (NoV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV). The risks related with consumption of shellfish are greater if these products are eaten raw or slightly cooked. As molluscs are filter-feeding organisms, they are able to concentrate pathogens dispersed in the water. Data on shellfish viral contamination are therefore useful to obtain a background information on the presence of contamination in the environment, chiefly in shellfish production areas and to generate a picture of the epidemiology of viral pathogens in local populations. From January 2013 to July 2015, 253 samples of bivalve molluscs collected in harvesting areas from a large coastal tract (860 km) of Southern Italy were screened for HAV and NoV of genogroups GI and GII, using real-time reverse transcription qualitative PCR. The RNA of HAV was not detected in any of the analyzed samples. In contrast, the RNA of NoV was identified in 14.2% of the samples with a higher prevalence of NoVs of genogroup GII (12.2%) than genogroup GI (1.6%). Upon sequence analysis of a short diagnostic region located in capsid region, the NoV strains were characterized as GII.2, GII.4 Sydney 2012, GII.6, GII.13, GI.4, and GI.6, all which were circulating in local populations in the same time span. These data confirm that consumption of mussels can expose consumers to relevant risks of infection. Also, matching between the NoV genotypes circulating in local population and detected in molluscs confirms the diffusion in the environment of NoVs.  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1867-0334 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:27943110 Approved no  
  Call Number NCSU @ edshirle @ Serial 3587  
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