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Author (up) Ahmed, S.R.; Takemeura, K.; Li, T.-C.; Kitamoto, N.; Tanaka, T.; Suzuki, T.; Park, E.Y. doi  openurl
  Title Size-controlled preparation of peroxidase-like graphene-gold nanoparticle hybrids for the visible detection of norovirus-like particles Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Biosensors & bioelectronics Abbreviated Journal Biosens Bioelectron  
  Volume 87 Issue Pages 558-565  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Address Research Institute of Green Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan; Graduate School of Integrated Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan. Electronic address:  
  Keywords Biosensing Techniques/methods; Caliciviridae Infections/blood/*diagnosis/virology; Colorimetry/*methods; Gold/*chemistry; Graphite/*chemistry; Humans; Limit of Detection; Nanoparticles/*chemistry/ultrastructure; Norovirus/*isolation & purification; Peroxidase/chemistry; Gold nanoparticles; Graphene; Nanohybrid structure; Norovirus detection; Peroxidase-like activity  
  Abstract A hybrid structure of graphene-gold nanoparticles (Grp-Au NPs) was designed as a new nanoprobe for colorimetric immunoassays. This hybrid structure was prepared using chloroauric acid, sodium formate and Grp flakes at room temperature. Au NPs attached strongly onto the Grp surface, and their size was controlled by varying the sodium formate concentration. The Raman intensity of the Grp-Au NP hybrids was significantly enhanced at 1567cm-1 and 2730cm-1 compared with those of pristine Grp because of the electronic interaction between Au NPs and Grp. The Grp-Au NPs with a hybrid structure catalyzed the oxidation of the peroxidase substrate 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) with H2O2, developing a blue color in aqueous solution. This catalytic activity was utilized to detect norovirus-like particles (NoV-LPs) in human serum. The enhanced colorimetric response was monitored using Ab-conjugated-Grp-Au NPs and found to depend on the NoV-LP concentration, exhibiting a linear response from 100pg/mL to 10mug/mL. The limit of detection (LOD) of this proposed method was 92.7pg/mL, 112 times lower than that of a conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The sensitivity of this test was also 41 times greater than that of a commercial diagnostic kit. The selectivity of the Grp-Au NPs was tested with other viruses, and no color changes were observed. Therefore, the proposed system will facilitate the utilization of the intrinsic peroxidase-like activity of Grp-Au NPs in medical diagnostics. We believe that the engineered catalytic Grp-Au NP hybrids could find potential applications in the future development of biocatalysts and bioassays.  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0956-5663 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:27611475 Approved no  
  Call Number NCSU @ edshirle @ Serial 3355  
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